Always wash your hands before and after handling neonates. Always use clean towels.
Use eye dropper or bottle with a nipple for puppy or kitten. Use a hypodermic needle to pierce the tip of a nipple. Too large of an opening could cause the kitten to aspirate formula into their lungs. Too small of an opening will prevent the animal from getting the nutrition it needs. Hold the bottle at a 45-degree angle to prevent air from getting into the bottle. Let the animal suck on its own pace, do not over feed. Feeding can take 20-30 minutes. Weight should double the first week. Do not use cow's milk.
Eyes open and ears start tuning in. If eyes are weepy or pus-filled, gently wipe with soft, warm wet cloth never pry open. Let them open naturally.
Crawling on all fours. After each meal place the kitten in the litter box and take the puppy outside on a leash.
Puppies and kittens begin playing with each other and start developing teeth. This is the time to transition to wet food every 4-6 hours in a bowl. Pets should be drinking water on their own. Litter box and house training begins. Never feed a newborn when they are cold they are prone to gut problems and won't be able to properly digest their food. Administer warm fluids until is warm enough to be fed. Neonates haven't developed the ability to keep themselves warm. Use a heating pad on a low setting in their crates or carriers and wrapped in a towel with another towel on top of it. Puppy or kitten should never make contact with the pad directly. Use only until the animal is four weeks old.
Make sure you check the pad constantly you don't want the pad to be too hot or too cold.
Introduce kibble. Each food change comes with diarrhea. This is the time the eyes may also begin to change. The true color doesn't set in until three months of age.
Time to start basic obedience. They also should respond to their names.
Kittens should be up to 2 lbs. They should have 26 baby teeth and they will begin to fall out around 12 weeks. The teeth will be replaced by 30 adult teeth by the age of six months. By 32 weeks most dogs are 30% of their adult weight.
Professional Pet Sitting Services offered in the Upper to Mid-Pinellas County Area