Zoonoses diseases are common in the USA. Scientists estimate 6 out of every 10 infectious diseases in people are spread from animals and 75 percent of new or emerging diseases are also spread from animals.
Salmonella is contracted when people eat contaminated food. Also, it can be transmitted between people and animals.
Ringworm is a fungal infection that affects the skin and is spread from animals to humans.
Ringworm will appear in pets as a dry, scaly, itchy patch in the skin. In humans, it appears as a round lesion with the scaly ring around the edge with redness and itching.
It is imperative to have yearly fecal exams for your pets and keep parasites under control. Raccoon roundworms have been known to cause death in humans.
Always wash your hands especially after you play with your pets or even if you don't touch the animals. Hand washing will reduce the incidence of many bacterial diseases.
Dog feces should be removed from your yard and when taking a dog for a walk.
Clean your cat litter box daily to lower the exposure to parasites.
Cat scratch fever is a flea-borne infection that is transmitted to humans through a scratch or bite. The infection can result in swollen lymph nodes, fever, and lethargy. If this occurs to you, check with your doctor.
What to do if a wing or tail feather breaks off and bleeds.
Cut the feather below the break or pull the feather out. If the feather is pulled out of the shaft, the bird will grow a new feather to replace it. If a bird is already stressed, it would be better not to ask it to grow feathers. Exception is when a broken feather is blood feather. New feathers growing in are encased in a plastic-like keratin sheath. The base of the new feather has a blood supply and nerves. If one of these feathers is broken, the bird experiences pain and blood usually flows from the feather. To stop the bleeding pull the feather from the base.
Bathing a bird.
You can use a spray bottle with lukewarm water or a bowl of lukewarm water and let the bird swim. The water cools in the air by the time it reaches the bird. They especially like this on a hot day. Spray from above, they open their wings, contort their bodies to get more of the spray and in general put on quite a display. Do not spray by its feed dish, so molds or bacteria don't start growing in the feed.
Keep the bird cage clean.
Change the cage papers every day so that mold or bacteria does not grow in
discarded food or droppings. Change the water every day. Disinfect feeder at least once a week.
Be aware of: Teflon pans produce poisonous gas when heated. The fumes can kill birds within seconds. Don't take chances. Death are plate glass windows and mirrors, which free flying pets fly into.
Life expectancy of cockatiels.
Cockatiels supposedly 15-20 years, but many do not live up to their potential life span because of illness, accident or lack of care.
Before you get the chickens, check your local city / town ordinances and homeowner's association. Make sure you have a good relationship with your neighbors (the promise of no roosters and free eggs helps!) Be sure to build or buy a hen house for the chickens eat, sleep, and lay eggs in. Chickens hate getting wet and must have a shelter to get out of the rain. Each hen needs a nest box to lay her eggs in. Be sure the chickens are not cramped, give each chicken about two feet of space or they'll want to fight. Usually the chickens are nice to each other. Make sure to give your hens a good quality feed. Play time - Play with your chicks when young to get them used to being around people.
They also have a fairly high body temperature and can handle cooler weather much better than hot. The natural pattern for most hens is to stop laying in the winter. Make sure you wash the eggs with soapy water and a scrub brush.
Your bird needs to have properly clipped wings so that the bird can glide to the ground and not fly erratically around the house or worse. Mistakenly launching into mirrors, ceiling fans, windows and other objects. The bird could develop concussions, fractures, lacerations, bleeding in the brain and other serious deadly injuries.
Be very careful that your bird is not deprived of water. Look out for defective water bottle and tubes ball sticks. Birds can stuff an object into the tube. Be sure you check the water bottle daily, if you do not notice that the bottle water level is going down the birds will die of dehydration if water is withheld for three days. Give the birds fresh water every day.
Natural gas leaks can cause sudden death in birds. Heaters that are not properly ventilated can be deadly to birds. Make sure that you have a carbon monoxide detector in the room where you keep your birds. Smoke from a fire, cigarette, cooking oils, non-stick pan surface like (Polyethylene) can cause the bird to die. Move the birds into another room where there are no fumes. Pump spray, aerosol products, perfume, deodorant, hairspray and candles can cause respiratory problems in birds and death can occur.
Never leave your bird unattended outside of the cage when you are not there.
Plants and foods you should not feed to your bird: any kind of chocolate, avocado or onions.
Outdoor plants such as oleander is deadly etc.
Birds should always sleep in their cages for their safety.
Never leave your birds in the vehicle, birds cannot tolerate excessive heat.
It is essential for birds to have social interaction. A bird that is not socialized with birds or humans can lead to a behavioral and medical problems, such as biting, feather picking, screaming or self-mutilation.
Do not buy or adopted a parrot if you don't have the time to commit. Parrots can live for several decades and require a huge time commitment.
The life span of a canary is ten to fifteen years.
When you go to buy a canary, avoid a crusty-looking beak or feet; if it seems to be struggling to breathe (it could have a mite infestation). Look out for a bird that looks puffy or sleepy--it probably isn't healthy. Check the leg band--that will tell you who the breeder is and the age of the bird. If you buy a singing bird, be sure it comes with a guarantee to sing. Make sure you have the cage ready before you bring your bird home. The bigger the cage the better, wider rather than taller as canaries like to fly back and forth. Keep your cage clean--put down 5 or more layers of newspaper on the bottom of your cage, removing 1 layer each day, and completely clean your cage once a week.
Cuttlebone is important as it contains nutrients such as calcium, iodine, and it helps to keep the beak in good condition.
Change the seed and water each day. A good choice for your bird is 8oz. bottle with a ball point tube wide mouth. If your bird isn't singing, the
cage needs to be put in a higher place.
Always wash your hands handling it or it's food. Food to feed your bird: fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables, offered regularly. Feed it slices of fruit such as apples, oranges, pears, bananas. Most green stuff grown in the garden are also suitable for canaries, but ensure that they have not been treated with pesticides prior to feeding them to your canaries. They should always be washed prior to feeding to your birds. Offer a small piece of fresh apple once a week to keep it's liver healthy. The following is a listing of suitable supplemental food for canaries.
Greens: Kale, turnip tops, mustard, chicory, spinach, broccoli, endive, and watercress.
Vegetables: Corn (raw or cooked), grated raw carrots, peas, sweet potatoes, cooked carrots, cucumbers.
Fruits: Apples, pears, oranges, bananas.
Toys: canaries enjoy small toys beads, bells and they love swings. Do not use a mirror--it may stop singing, the bird thinks it is competition.
Never place the cage in any draft, it could kill it.
Fumes or smells: Keep your canary's cage away from toxic fumes or strong smells. They are very sensitive to air borne pollutants like: hair spray perfume, candles, heated Teflon, cleaning products, heated cooking oils, air-fresheners, pesticides, herbicides, etc.
Canary's like to keep themselves clean--provide your canary with a birdbath for it to splash or shower once a day or a minimum, once a week.
Never leave the bath water sitting in the cage, you don't want it to drink it.
Canary's wings should never be clipped.
Keep all houseplants and flowers away from the cage--they are toxic for the birds.
Moulting time is between July and September when canaries shed and replace their feathers--this is highly stressful for them, they usually sing very little
while moulting. High quality food is necessary at this time. Grated carrots and beets to enhance colors, and dark leafy greens, kale enhance yellow
shades. Give it slice of cucumber during molt--it eases the process. Give your canary a new cuttlebone--if it refuses to chew on it, scrape a little into
it's soft foods.
Play a CD or tape of canary songs or other type of music. When you leave it alone for long time, turn on the radio--it will feel more secure.
Broken wings and legs, ingrown feathers, feather lumps, overgrown beaks and nails. Heat stroke, tumors and mites. Cramps in the legs due to an overly small cage.
If the bird has white nails, it will be easy to see the blood vessel--DO NOT clip below the quick. (Do not cut below the quick or it will bleed and be painful--be sure your nail clippers are sharp). If the nail bleeds, use Wonder dust, baking powder or cornstarch to stop the bleeding fast. Never cut more then 1/3 of the entire length of any toenail, no matter how overgrown.
Video on: How to care for your birds feet
The upper beak should align with the lower beak.
By getting proper food and the proper amount of chewing material,
the bird won't need to have its beak trimmed. Have the bird
checked by the vet.
Toys: Kabob, shred-a-Stack wreaths. Safety Pumice perch--keeps
nails and beaks in a healthy state of trim.
Professional Pet Sitting Services offered in the Upper to Mid-Pinellas County Area