The way dogs communicate what they are thinking or feeling is through physical actions and cues.
When you see the dog with head hanging low and the tail between the legs it is displaying an apology.
When the dog knows that you are upset with it and you shout it will tuck its tail between the legs feeling nervous, venerable, shameful, embarrassed and submissive for doing something wrong or the dog is frightened that the owner is going to hurt it.
The dog will lower it's tail or might even tuck it between his rear legs if it feels nervous in a new environment or if there is a stranger near by.
If the dog is scared, it will hold its tail tight against its belly. This is a position the dog takes around a dominant animal or person.
Both female and male dogs tuck their tails to signify submission.
Do not use a crate for punishment because the dog will refuse to go in the create for fear.
Make sure you don't leave the dog in the crate for too long, otherwise the dog does not get enough exercise.
It is very important that the dog gets human interaction or it will become anxious or depressed.
It would be a good idea to hire a pet sitter or take the dog to daycare so that the dog does not have to be alone all day.
A puppy can't control the bladder and bowels for no longer than three or four hours at a time under six- months old.
Only crate the dog until you can trust that it will not go potty in the house or destroy the house.
Pick a command "like go to your room or create" and use the same command and point to the crate when you are giving your dog a command.
When training the dog to go in the crate be sure you put the crate in an area where the family spends their time. Put a towel or blanket in the crate, leave the door open and let the dog explore. Some dogs like to sleep in their crate. You can throw a treat in the crate or a favorite toy. Be sure that each time the dog goes in the crate you praise it and give the dog a treat. Don't force the dog to enter the crate.
Leave the crate door open and put the food in the back of the crate. When the dog is comfortable in the crate, you can close the door. When done eating let the dog stay in the crate for 5 minutes keep increasing the time each time the dog goes in the crate. If the dog whines or cries in the crate, don’t let it out until the dog stops. Otherwise, the dog will figure out that if I cry or whine they will let me out.
If you're going to be gone for several hours or all day it's best to put the dog in a dog playpen.
If your dog seeks people more than other dogs.
Enjoys the company of strangers for long periods of time.
Your dog must be comfortable and calm around children, elderly, walkers, wheelchairs, canes, bandages, tubing, crutches, and other equipment. To help your dog get used to moving equipment, like a stroller, shopping cart, your dog needs to expose to them.
If working with elderly or children the dog has to remain relaxed even when the kids get excited. Sit calmly for petting and not lick or paw strangers. Some dogs do not like hugs, especially from strangers.
If you see these signs it would be best to have your dog tested.
The extremely good response is for your dog to only have eyes for you during the testing process.
Therapy dogs are allowed in hospitals, nursing homes special invitations and groups.
If your dog growls or acts at all aggressive, uncomfortable, hackles raised, intense staring and stiff legs, the dog is not a good candidate for service work.
Chewing is a normal behavior for puppies teething between four to six months of age. Teething is a painful process and puppies chew more because their gums are very irritated and chewing relieves their discomfort.
If not corrected chewing can become a long-standing problem even after all the adult teeth emerge and teething ends. Provide appropriate chew toys for your dog to enjoy. Avoid chicken bones since they splinter easily creating sharp fragments that can easily puncture your dog’s gastrointestinal tract.
Use nylon bones, greenies, kong and dental chew sticks. You can make chick sickles by putting chicken broth in ice cube trays and freezing it. If the dog is chewing on something inappropriate correct the dog by taking the object away and saying no chewing on that.
Give the dog the appropriate toy to chew on and encourage appropriate chewing. Praise the dog when it chews on appropriate toys. Confine the puppy in a safe space away from inappropriate items to chew by using a crate or baby gate.
Dogs sometimes chew because they are bored or they are having a separation anxiety.
Dogs love to go outside and walk, it's exciting and stimulating for them they like to pull. Dogs should be taught how to walk on a leash in an enjoyable way. They should not be jerked, choked or yanked. If your dog starts to pull, you can teach your dog how to walk appropriately.
A harness is good for training. It will take the pressure off the dog, distributing the pressure more evenly around the body. If the dog pulls, the harness will turn his body around rather than allowing him to go forward.
Some dogs need a head collar because they are so strong. Whenever the dog pulls, it automatically brings his head around.
Whenever the dog pulls, immediately stop and stand completely still until the leash relaxes.
When you see that the leash is relaxed proceed with your walk. Be consist do this each time you walk the dog.
You can motivate your dog to walk calmly by your side by giving it a treat.
You can also give your dog a voice command when the dog pulls say “let go” turn away from the dog and walk off in the other direction without jerking on the leash.
Causes of separation anxiety: history of abandonment, multiple owners, keep changing the home, or prior neglect is common. The dog get sent to a new home because of separation anxiety.
Toxic conditions, such as lead poisoning, may lead to behavioral problems, including fears, phobias, active escape behavior and anxieties.
Any illness or painful physical condition increases anxiety and contributes to the development of fears, phobias, and anxieties. Also dogs that are deprived of social and environmental exposure.
Signs of anxieties: include trembling, tail tucked, withdrawal, hiding, reduced activity licking and biting at the self.
The best way to desensitize your dog is to expose your dog to the thing that frightens him/her.
For example, if your dog is afraid of the garbage truck sound start by allowing the dog to hear it from far away. Once the dog is comfortable at that distance, you could let the sound get closer to your dog.
Eventually you would work up to his/her being comfortable with the sound up close. Your dog will learn at his/her own pace that the big, scary thing really isn’t so bad.
Never force your dog to confront the thing that frightens him/her, that will make the problem much worse, and create trust issues between you and your dog. Never push your dog over the threshold, learn to read your dog’s body language.
If your dog is shy of people, allow him/her to approach them in her own time.
It is scary for the dog when a person pets the dog over the head. Ask that person to pet your dog on the chest or side of the face without staring at him/her or leaning over him/her. The person can even turn their body to the side. This body language will make your dog more comfortable.
If you need to, go to a professional trainer who specializes in behavior is
A harness is a good alternative to a collar because it eliminates pressure from the dogs neck, preventing possible neck injury.
Allow the dog to wear the harness around the house for short time so that he can get use to it. Make sure you praise the dog and give it treats.
Be sure it is snug enough so that he can't slip out of it. Correct fitting means you can fit two fingers between the dog and the harness. You don't want the harness to be rubbing be sure it fits properly. Only use the harness for taking the dog for a walk and take it off when you come back from the walk. Do not use the harness for running or hiking. Be sure that it is a comfortable fit for your dog.
Do not take the collar off because the identification tags are on it and they are very important.
Check out this video on how to properly measure your dog for a harness.
The one reason is the mother dog greeting her puppies, the puppies like to run up to her and lick the sides of her mouth. The puppies jump up on you because they want to get near to your face, and the behavior often persists for many months as a kind of greeting gesture. Young dogs also jump on each other as part of play. This is normal behavior for young dogs and they will also do it to humans.
Outdoors, you must prevent your dog jumping up using by using a leash. If you can’t control him with his collar try a harness without yanking on his neck with a collar. In the house use a harness on a short leash as you will have better control when visitors arrive.
How to stop your dog from jumping up by teaching your dog to sit first.
Raise your forearm to your shoulder treat in your hand.
You must be consistent.
Stand on the leash will stop your dog from jumping up.
Ignore your dog if your dog still jumps up at you turn your back and walk away and don't look at your dog touch or speak to him. As soon as he goes into a setting position reward your dog calmly.
Don't over praise the dog or it could cause the dog to jump up again.
Reward your dog with a gentle stroke and encouraging words such as "good boy", a toy, or a treat. This will keep your dog guessing and stopping from expecting food as a predictable reward.
Choose the marker word you are going to use, like OK or GOOD BOY and stick to the same word. You can use a clicker instead, if you prefer.
Feeding on the ground is better than from the hand because it reduces the chance of the dog jumping up for food.
We can teach new tricks to an old dog, the old saying is that you can not teach an old dog new tricks is wrong. Teaching a dog new tricks is a very good way to keep the dog mentally stimulated. Be very careful with a dog that has achy joint pain or arthritis. Jumping or sitting for a long period of time could be hurtful to a senior dog. Dental issues can limit the tricks the dog can do by using its mouth. Also vision and hearing problems must be taken into consideration.
Here are the tricks:
Teach the dog how to put the toys away in the toy box. Start off with one toy, toss the toy away from you and move the toy box in front of you. Have the dog bring the toy back and place it in the toy box. Praise and reward the dog with a treat each time the dog gets it right.
The next step is phase out the game of fetch and put down the same toy away from the toy box and call the dog. Have the dog pick up the toy and drop it into the toy box.
Teach the dog to ring bells when it has to go out to potty. Start with familiarizing your dog with hanging bells. Put the bells in front of you and let the dog touch them and give the dog a treat each time. When you see the dog has caught on, hang the bells on the door knob. Each time the dog goes potty have the dog touch the bells and say “let's go potty” and take the dog out.
By teaching your dog to walk backward, you're teaching the dog to be aware of where his back legs are going. It's great for both mental and physical agility.
Professional Pet Sitting Services offered in the Upper to Mid-Pinellas County Area