When you buy a new fish and you put it into your aquarium make sure that you have room for them to swim comfortably. If you are a beginner start with a 20-gallon tank and work your way up. It is easier to keep the water clean with a larger tank with a filter. It's very important to give the tank time to become established before adding fish. Buy a test water pH kit. Most fish do best with a balanced ph7 some fish like more acidic.
If it is a new tank let it sit for at least a week before you add any fish.
Before you put gravel in the tank rinse out with water very well. Add one pound of gravel per gallon of water. Have your fluorescent light on the tank only half of the day and the other half the day off. Keep the hood of the tank closed so that the fish don't jump out. Fish like to hide, make sure that you give them places where they can hide. Like plants, rocks and aquarium figurines.
Choose a high-quality filtration system that is the size of your tank. Be sure you change the filter according to the filtration instruction. If the water looks cloudy it is time to change water or the filter. Remove any uneaten food and waste with a net every other day.
Take out 10% to 15% of the water from the tank once a week and replace it with clean water. Also, test the water quality with a kit and scrape any algae build up from the glass. Any bucket you use for your fish should be used for fish only.
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